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Glossary index

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  • E
  • F
  • G
  • H
  • I
  • K
  • L
  • M
  • O
  • P
  • Q
  • R
  • S
  • T
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A

Air filter
Component which protects the engine by preventing dust from entering the cylinders.

Anti-vibration system
Vibration damping system which completely isolates the handles from the rest of the tool for maximum user comfort, even during prolonged use.

Automat System
System which stops the blades when the collection bag is full.

Automatic oil pump with zero flow when idling
Actuated by means of the pinion, enables chain lubricant oil to be delivered only when cutting, thereby preventing waste and reducing pollution.

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B

Bag
Recipient into which grass clippings are deposited. The width of the bag determines the collection capacity and the amount of time between emptying.

Bar and chain
These two components comprise the cutting apparatus of a chain saw: the toothed cutting chain slides along the guide bar.

Bearing
Mechanical device which reduces friction in the wheels. Wheels mounted on bearings ensure consistently smooth running, even over the most uneven terrain.

Bevel gear
A transmission system with helical gears which transfers movement to the cutting assembly, parallel to the ground, with suitable speed reduction.

Bioshredders
Built to chop or shred vegetable matter, organic waste and leaves, transforming it into natural fertiliser.

Blower/Vacuum cleaners
Effective tools for tidying any area of leaves and shrubs.

Brushcutters
Tools designed specially for clearing grass, scrub, bushes and small brambles.

Burn Right
Trademark identifying Emak engines which contribute to safeguarding the surrounding environment and which comply fully with applicable EURO 2 norms.

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C

Carburettor
Mechanical part of internal combustion engines which blends air and fuel for injection into the combustion chamber.

Carving bar
Particularly useful for tending plants when a precise and deep cut is needed. The carving bar is specially designed for wood carving and sculpting.

Casing
Metallic enclosure which protects the engine components.

Catalytic muffler
A device installed in the initial section of the exhaust system which drastically reduces the quantity of pollutants (carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides) present in the combustion gases.

Chain saws
Mechanical motorised saws used for cutting, felling and limbing trees.

Chain tensioner
Used after every 30 minutes of operation, enables the chain tension to be adjusted by means of a screwdriver, without disassembling any components. The correct tension is achieved when the chain can be raised a couple of millimetres away from the guide bar.

Change Over system
System which enables the machine to be switched easily between the collection and mulching functions, by means of a handy lever.

Compression Wave Injection
Fuel injection method for two-stroke engines, whereby a compression wave is used to deliver a rich fuel mixture into the engine cylinder.

Connecting rod
Part of the connecting rod-crank mechanism, e.g. the mechanism which enables alternate rectilinear motion to be transformed into continuous rotary motion.

Crankshaft
A rotating mechanical shaft with a series of cranks which enables the movement of the connecting rods is transmitted to the power take-off.

Cutting width
The cutting width depends on the cutting deck of the machine, in relation to the expanse of the area to be cut.

Cylinder
The cylinder is the component used to create linear motion; the area in which the combustion process takes place.

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D

Deck
Body of the lawnmower, can be made of plastic (propylene or ABS), steel or aluminium.

Decompressor
Reduces the compression ratio in the cylinder during start-up, allows simple and effortless starting.

Depth gauge
On chain saws, this device regulates the maximum cutting depth of the chain.

Digital coil
Generates high-voltage current, which when it reaches the spark plug creates the spark which triggers combustion.

Dipstick
The dipstick, present in 4-stroke engines, is immersed in the oil and is used to check the level (MIN and MAX with graduated scale) and quality of the oil.

Drive belt
A drive belt is a mechanical transmission component looped over pulleys which is used to provide an elastic but solid link between two rotating shafts.

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E

Earth augers
Motorised drills which are ideal for sinking holes of varying diameter to receive vines, plants, supports or lamp posts.

Easy on
Enables smooth starting with no kickback.

Expansion clutch
Transmits movement to the cutting implement and also enables it to remain stationary at idling speed without having to stop the engine.

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F

Fuel tank
Container for storing fuel inside the machine.

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G

Garden tractors
Self-propelled ride-on machines ideal for cutting grass in large gardens, parks and public green spaces.

Grease nipple
System which simplifies periodic replenishment of lubricant grease in the gearbox.

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H

Handgrip rotation
(180°, 90° clockwise and 90° anticlockwise) System which ensures maximum versatility of use, even close to walls.

Handlebars
Leverage system which enables the equipment to be kept under control.

Hedgetrimmers
For cutting hedges and shrubs, aesthetic trimming and protecting the health of plants.

High-pressure washers
Powerful machines which use a high-pressure water jet, ideal for cleaning outdoor spaces, cars or agricultural equipment.

Holding company
A holding company, also known as a parent company, is a corporation, normally privately held, which owns stock in other companies.

Home plus
A range of machines aimed at the home user, for tidying and cleaning the garden, cutting hedges and smallish trunks or stems, and DIY jobs in general. Characterised by lightweight and compact construction, to make the task of the operator that much simpler. Easy to start, easy to use and easy to maintain: these are the ideal tools for getting things done quickly and neatly around the home.

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I

Inertia-activated chain brake
Stops the chain in the event of kickback. Activated manually by means of a lever, or automatically, when the front hand guard is pushed forward due to unexpected kickback.

ISO 14001
This certification demonstrates that the organisation in question has a management system to keep the environmental impact of its activities under control, and that it is systematically committed to improving its activities in a consistent, effective and above all sustainable way.

ISO 9000
Identifies a series of standards and guidelines developed by ISO, which proposes a quality management system, developed for managing corporate processes so that they are targeted toward improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the organisation in addition to the satisfaction of its customers.

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K

Knob
Handgrip which enables the machine's cutting height to be altered.

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L

Lateral chain tensioner
Device which simplifies chain tensioning.

Lawnmowers
Machines for cutting grass by means of a blade positioned underneath the machine, which can be set to different cutting heights. Can be used for small spaces or extremely extensive areas, depending on the needs of the operator.

Lift Starter
Device which automatically cuts off the starter when the accelerator is fully throttled.

Lockable differential
The differential is a device which enables two wheels to move at different speeds. Locking the differential prevents one of the two drive wheels from spinning in the event that it temporarily loses grip.

Logsplitters
Logsplitters are specialist tools for preparing firewood: they cut logs into smaller pieces suitable for furnaces, open fires and stoves.

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M

Mistblowers
Machines designed for the treatment and disinfestation of crops, small plantations and nursery stock. They can spray liquid or dust.

Mixture
Mixture of lubricant oil and fuel which is usually used in two-stroke engines. This mixture is important because it lubricates the mechanical components of the engine and provides a source of energy.

Mulching cut
Cutting system which repeatedly chops up grass into fine particles and then scatters it evenly over the turf.

Multimate
A combination system consisting of a single power unit and multiple attachments: brushcutter, trimmer, blower, hedgetrimmer and pruner.

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O

Oil pump
Draws lubricant from the sump and sends it to pressurised components in the engine lubrication circuit.

Original accessories and spare parts
Quality mark identifying original Emak parts and accessories. Designed to the most stringent quality standards, these items guarantee smoother operation of the machine and longer service life.

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P

Partnership
Collaboration between two or more enterprises, regulated by a contract and centred on one or more shared or complementary projects, which involves a variable degree of integration between the members of the participating enterprises.

Piston
The moving component, housed inside the cylinder and connected by means of the gudgeon pin to the connecting rod, which forms a "mobile wall" of the combustion chamber.

Pluscut
Multi-functional lawnmower: discharge, collection and mulching (system which chops up clippings up into fine fragments, leaving it on the lawn. The clippings decompose and act as natural compost).

Power take-off
The power take-off or PTO consists of a connection at the back or front of the machine to which implements are attached.

Powercutters
Powerful professional class tools for cutting asphalt, concrete and metals.

Primer and Starter
Devices which facilitate cold starting of the engine. Specifically they enable the carburettor to be instantly filled with fuel ready for starting.

Propulsion
Can be push-type, for smaller areas, or self-propelled for larger areas.

Pruners
Designed for pruning and limbing at elevated heights without having to use steps or mechanical lifts.

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Q

Quick Fit system
System which allows quick attachment and removal of the cutting deck and other accessories in just a few minutes, without the need for tools.

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R

Ready Start system
System which activates and deactivates automatic starting.

Reduction unit
Assembly used to transmit rotary motion with a reduction in the number of revolutions.

Rev&Go
Patented quick-fit mechanism for Multimate which enables the operator to switch from one implement to another within seconds, without the need for tools.

Rotary tillers
Machines designed for preparing soil for grass seeding.

Rotor
A component which rotates inside the stator and which transmits motion to electrical machines.

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S

SA 8000
Identifies an international certification standard drawn up by CEPAA (Council of Economical Priorities Accreditation Agency) aimed at certifying certain aspects of company management relating to the social responsibility of an enterprise (CSR or corporate social responsibility). These are: respect for human rights, respect for workers' rights, protection against the exploitation of minors, and guarantees of health and safety in the workplace.

Safety Control system
Safety system on Multimate which stops the engine as soon as the operator tries to detach the implement from the drive unit.

Scarifiers
Tools for eliminating moss and weeds from turf and for making cuts in the ground: this allows the soil to breathe and enables moisture and nutrients to reach the roots of the grass.

Self-cleaning filter
The special design of the air filter and corresponding mount reduces the need for maintenance.

Shakers
Designed for the mechanised harvesting of olives and other fruit. Delivers a much higher level of efficiency than manual methods.

Sharp pro
No-nonsense everyday tools for the busy professional, these are machines that stand out for the toughness of their components, high performance and matchless long-term durability. Specific materials used in construction guarantee unwavering quality even when tackling the most severe and lengthy of tasks, like forestry work and the clearance of uncultivated areas or scrub and undergrowth.

Sprayers
Tools for atomising substances for the targeted treatment of small plants, orchards, vegetable plots, etc..

SRS Safety Release system
Innovative quick release system allowing the operator to step away from the machine in an instant, for maximum protection and safety.

Starter rope handle
Handle connected to the recoil starter rope which is used to start the engine.

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T

Total Stop system
System switches off the motor when the flow of water through the wash lance is shut off.

Tough tech
Solid and dependable, these are machines designed for heavy and frequent use in countryside environments: clearing overgrown and uncultivated areas, pruning and cutting firewood, crop irrigation and disinfestation tasks. Designed using solutions which are certain to ensure high work rates and maximum durability over time.

Transmission
The set of components which transfer the power generated by the engine or motor to the wheels.

Transporters
Self-propelled tracked vehicles for construction and agricultural duties involving the transportation of bulky and heavy loads on steep gradients or over rough terrain.

Trimmers
Machines used to trim or cut grass in places which cannot be reached by a lawnmower or garden tractor (such as around garden walls, ornamental plants, bushes, flowerbeds and fences).

Turning radius
Radius or diameter of the arc-shaped path travelled by the front wheels with the steering wheel turned full lock.

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V

Variable speed control
System with enables the machine to operate over an infinite range of speeds, making it adaptable to any type of grass.

Vibcut
Vibration damping system which isolates the engine from the handles and the body of the machine, considerably reducing the vibrations transmitted to the user during operation so as to guarantee maximum comfort and easy handling.

Voltage and frequency
Ratings within which the power supply must operate for the use of electrical appliances.

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W

Water pumps
Suitable for all private and professional irrigation needs, in agricultural or building applications.

Wheeled brushcutters/Flail mowers
Designed for use in overgrown areas for cutting down and removing long, thick grass, clearing undergrowth or mowing along verges and the banks of ditches.

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